have they been living in paris?"" ""only a few months
subject = yellow, bold; verb = green, underline
subjects and verbs must agree in number.
if the subject is singular, the verb must be singular too.
example: she writes every day.
if the subject is plural, the verb must also be plural.
example: they write every day.
sometimes, however, it seems a bit more complicated than this.
when the subject of the sentence is composed of two or more nouns or pronouns connected by and, use a plural verb.
example: the doctoral student and the committee members write every day.
example: the percentage of employees who called in sick and the number of employees who left their jobs within 2 years are are reflective of the level of job satisfaction.
when there is one subject and more than one verb, the verbs throughout the sentence must agree with the subject.
example: interviews are one way to collect data and allow researchers to gain an in-depth understanding of participants.
example: an assumption is something that is generally accepted as true and is an important consideration when conducting a doctoral study.
when a phrase comes between the subject and the verb, remember that the verb still agrees with the subject, not the noun or pronoun in the phrase following the subject of the sentence.
example: the student, as well as the committee members, is excited.
example: the student with all the master’s degrees is very motivated.
example: strategies that the teacher uses to encourage classroom participation include using small groups and clarifying expectations.
example: the focus of the interviews was nine purposively selected participants.
when two or more singular nouns or pronouns are connected by or or nor, use a singular verb.
example: the chairperson or the ceo approves the proposal before proceeding.
when a compound subject contains both a singular and a plural noun or pronoun joined by or or nor, the verb should agree with the part of the subject that is closest to the verb. this is also called the rule of proximity.
example: the student or the committee members write every day.
example: the committee members or the student writes every day.
the words each, each one, either, neither, everyone, everybody, anyone, anybody, nobody, somebody, someone, and no one are singular and require a singular verb.
example: each of the participants was willing to be recorded.
example: neither alternative hypothesis was accepted.
example: i will offer a $5 gift card to everybody who participates in the study.
example: no one was available to meet with me at the preferred times.
noncount nouns take a singular verb.
example: education is the key to success.
example: diabetes affects many people around the world.
example: the information obtained from the business owners was relevant to include in the study.
example: the research i found on the topic was limited.
some countable nouns in english such as earnings, goods, odds, surroundings, proceeds, contents, and valuables only have a plural form and take a plural verb.
example: the earnings for this quarter exceed expectations.
example: the proceeds from the sale go to support the homeless population in the city.
example: locally produced goods have the advantage of shorter supply chains.
in the myth, athena challenges arachne to a weaving contest in order to prove herself. the expert crafts goddess athena is favorably impressed with arachne's weaving of divine debaucheries.
athena can't tolerate the affront to her pride, though, so she turns arachne into a spider doomed to weave forever. from the unfortunate spider-woman comes the name for the 8-legged creatures -- arachnids.